Professor of Comparative Ethnic Studies
Professor of American Studies and Culture
Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo was born and raised in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico. She spent her childhood mostly by the beach, and perhaps because of this, loves the sound of the (Atlantic) ocean and the (Caribbean) sea more than any other nature-made sound. These days she spends her free time (beautiful oxymoron) with her wife Mary and their mini schnauzers Iloh and Arly.
Carmen obtained her B.A. in sociology from the University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez campus. Her M.A., also in sociology, is from Washington State University, and her Ph.D. is in American Studies from Washington State University as well. She has published a number of books and scholarly articles (some of them are listed below).
- Puerto Rican and Latina/o/x studies
- Race and gender in popular culture
- Latina/o literature and constructions of ethnicity and gender
- Colonialism/imperialism and empire
- Post–9/11 cultural and rhetorical productions
- Race relations in the US
Carmen uses literature, history, sociology, ethnic studies, popular culture, and a little bit of luck to teach about issues of race and structural inequalities. On a broad level, she teaches about the relationship between social markers and identities (such as gender, race/ethnicity, class, nationality, sexuality, etc.), privilege, power, and the resulting unequal distribution of resources.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2017. Feminism after 9/11: Women’s Bodies as Cultural and Political Threat. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2014. Projecting 9/11: Productions of Race, Gender, and Citizenship in Recent Hollywood Films. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
- King, C.R., Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo, and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2010. Animating Difference: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in Contemporary Films for Children. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2010. Containing (un)American Bodies: Race, Sexuality, and Post–11 September 2001 Constructions of Citizenship. Amsterdam: Brill/Rodopi Press.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2009. A New Kind of Containment: “The War on Terror,” Sexuality, and Race Edited Collection. Kenilworth, NJ: Brill/Rodopi Press.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2023. “Latinx Identities and the Matter of Choice (Or More Simply, All Identities are Chosen…with Consequences).” In Latinx Experiences: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Hortencia Jiménez and María Villaseñor, eds. Sage Publications. Pp.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2020. “De-Racializing Representations of Femininity and the Marketing of Latinidad: Zoe Saldaña and L’Oreal’s True Match Campaign.” In Theories of the Flesh: Philosophical Essays on Gender, Race, Sexuality, Global Politics, and Latinidad. José Medina, Andrea Pitts, and Mariana Ortega, eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2019. “Latinas/os in Hollywood: Contemporary Representations in Black and White.” In The Myth of Colorblindness: Race and Ethnicity in American Cinema. Sarah Turner and Sarah Nilsen, eds. New York: Palgrave, pp. 215-236.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2019. “The End of the World, Hollywood, and the Endurance of Military Violence: Elysium and World War Z.” In The Myth of Colorblindness: Race and Ethnicity in American Cinema. Sarah Turner and Sarah Nilsen, eds. New York: Palgrave, pp. 283-297.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2019. “Some of my Students are Leprechauns (Or Why it is Difficult for White College Students that Racism is still a Big Deal).” In Teaching with Tension. Philathia Bolton, Cassander Smith, and Lee Bebout Eds. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, pp. 255-266.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2013. “The Monster Within: Post-9/11 Narratives and Threat and the US Shifting Terrain of Terror.” In Monster Culture in the 21st Century: A Reader. Marina Levina and Diem-My Bui, Eds. New York: Continuum, pp. 243-255.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2013. “Elisions of Race and Stories of Progress: Planet 51 and Princess and the Frog.” In Race, Philosophy, and Film. Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo and Dan Flory, Eds. New York: Routledge, pp. 181-193.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2012. “A Prostitute, a Servant, and a Customer Service Representative: A Latina in Academia.” In Presumed Incompetent. Angela P. Harris, Gabriella Gutierrez y Muhs, et al., eds. Logan: Utah State University Press, Pp. 40-49.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2012. “‘Look out New World, Here we Come’? Race, Racialization, and Sexuality in Four Children’s Animated Films by Disney, Pixar, and Dreamworks.” In Cinematic Sociology: Social Life in Film, Second Edition. Jean-Anne Sutherland and Kathryn Feltey, eds. Thousand Oakes: Sage. Pp. 261-271.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2023. “Social Problems in the Age of COVID: Global and Localized Perspectives.” Pp. 1-12 in The Palgrave Handbook of Global Social Problems, Rajendra Baikady, ed. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-68127-2_340-1.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2022. “The Medicalization of Threats, Immigration as Contagion, and White Supremacy in an Age of Terror.” Critical Studies in Terrorism. DOI: 1080/17539153.2022.2138990.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2022. “The Essential Crowd: Service Workers and Social Death in Pandemic Times.” Medicine Anthropology Theory. Vol 19.2.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2021. “Social Death in the Times of a Pandemic.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice 33 (1): 17-23.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2020. “Narratives of Infectious Threat and Contagion Crises in Contemporary Immigration Rhetoric.” Label Me Latina/o’ special issue “(Un)Natural Disasters: Sites of Resistance.” Lorna Perez, guest editor. Vol. 10: Summer 2020. Pp. 1-10.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2019. “Fears of Contagion and Militarized Responses to Disaster After 9/11.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice. Vol. 31. Pp. 91-99.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2018. “Anti-Colonialism via Sexuality: Reflections on the Use of Sexual and Gender Minorities by Puerto Rican Women Writers.” Centro Journal. Vol. 30.2. Pp. 234-253.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2015. “100% Puerto Rican: Jennifer López and the Commercialization of Authenticity.” Centro Journal. Vol. 27.2. Pp. 96-119.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen. 2014. “Latinas and the Fractures that Unite Us: (Re)Examining the Pan-Ethnic Marker.” Border-Lines. Vol. 8. Pp. 124-141.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2014. “‘Anchor/Terror Babies’ and Latina Bodies: Immigration Rhetoric in the 21st Century and the Feminization of Terrorism.” Journal of Interdisciplinary Feminist Thought. Vol 8.1. Pp. 1-21.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2014. “Containing (Un)American Bodies in Arizona through Senate Bill 1070.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice. Vol. 26.2. Pp. 265-272.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2012. “An Island in Raw Skin: Vieques and the Transnational Activist Challenge to Puerto Rico’s Colonial Invisibility.” Latino(a) Research Review. Vol. 8:1-2. Pp. 209-230.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2012. “‘Ricky Martin ain’t no Dixie Chick’: Notes on Citizenship and Invisibility.” Centro Journal. Vol. 24:1. Pp. 68-89.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K., and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2011. “Post–9/11 Discourses of Threat and Constructions of Terror in the Age of Obama.” Altre Modernitá: Rivista di Studi Letterari e Culturali. Vol. 9/11/2001. Pp. 261–278.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2011. “9/11 Goes to the Movies: The Mythological Reverberations of ‘the Day that Changed America.’” Reconstruction: Studies in Contemporary Culture. Vol.11:2.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2011. “Bare Biceps in the White House: The First (Black) Lady and a New Kind of Threat.” Women’s Studies Quarterly. Vol. 39:1–2. Pp. 200-217.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2010. “Writers of the Colony: Feminism via Puerto Ricanness in the Literature of Contemporary Women Authors on the Island.” Latino(a) Research Review. Vol. 7:3. Pp. 101-120.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2010. “475° from September 11th: The Browning of Terror, Same-Sex Marriage, and Immigration.” Cultural Studies. Vol. 24:2. Pp. 234-255.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2009. “Black as Brown: The 2008 Obama Primary Campaign and the US Browning of Terror.” The Journal of African American Studies. Vol. 13:2. Pp. 110-120.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2008. Citizenship and the Browning of Terror.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice. 20:3. Pp. 273-282.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo. 2008. “‘Look Out New World, Here We Come?’ Race, Racialization and Sexuality in Four Children’s Animated Films by Disney, Pixar, and Dreamworks.” Cultural Studies <=> Critical Methodologies. 9:2.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2006. “US Congressional Rhetoric and the Invisibility of Coloniality: The Case of Puerto Rico’s Political Status.” Centro Journal. 28:1. Pp. 124-145.
- Leonard, David J., and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2005. “Reinventing Women, Sexuality, and the Black Breast: Seeming Acts of Transgression in Popular Culture and Their Consequences (The Case of the 2003 VMA and the 2004 Superbowl Half-Time Show).” Transgression and Taboo: Critical Essays. Edited by Vartan P. Messier and Nandita Batra. Pp. 95-114.
- Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K., and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2005. “The War on Terror and Same-Sex Marriage: Narratives of Containment and the Shaping of US Public Opinion.” Peace and Change: A Journal of Peace Research. 30:4. Pp. 469-488.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2023. “Who Can Really Teach Ethnic Studies Revisited.” Inside Higher Ed. July 21. https://www.insidehighered.com/opinion/career-advice/2023/07/21/why-scholars-ethnic-studies-should-have-training-opinion.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2023. “Who can Really Teach Ethnic Studies?” Inside Higher Ed. March 10. https://www.insidehighered.com/advice/2023/03/10/why-teaching-ethnic-studies-requires-proper-training-opinion?fbclid=IwAR3aIDzHcUuY1Wu88hpM0kg0l-uMhFcx6j-hM5RNepuDqi4rySZZVJ7fsVU.
- Navarro-Daniels, Vilma and Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo. 2020. “Two Hemispheres, One Call for Action: Chile, The U.S., and Social Protests.” Down with Brown. August 26. https://downwithbrownblog.com/2020/08/26/two-hemispheres-one-call-for-action-chile-the-u-s-and-social-protests/
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2018. “On Being Borg, On Being Puerto Rican.” Latinx Talk. March 18. https://latinxtalk.org/2018/03/13/on-being-borg-on-being-puerto-rican/.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2016. “Some of my Students are Leprechauns: Or why it is so Difficult for College Students to Understand that Racism is Still a Big Deal.” Mujeres Talk. February 9. https://library.osu.edu/blogs/mujerestalk/2016/02/09/some-of-my-students-are-leprechauns-or-why-it-is-difficult-for-white-college-students-to-understand-that-racism-is-still-a-big-deal/.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and Cheris Brewer Current. 2015. “Las dos alas de un pájaro: The Cuban Refugee Program and Operation Bootstrap.” Mujeres Talk. July 28. http://t.co/Zsv9ZHiJcU.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. and José Alamillo. 2015. “Latin@s and Corporate Mestizaje.” Mujeres Talk. March 10. http://t.co/48SP1ea8T3.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R., Theresa Delgadillo, Susy Zepeda, Felicity Schaeffer-Gabriel, Miranda Martínez, and Lucila D. Ek. 2014. “Mujeres Talk about Ferguson and Beyond.” Mujeres Talk. December 30. http://t.co/JVe6ODVUbt.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2014. “Of Puerto Rico, Perfumes, and Colonies.” Mujeres Talk. June 2. http://t.co/eODJKVmFrm.
- Lugo-Lugo, Carmen R. 2014. “Bang Bang.” Mujeres Talk. April 8. http://t.co/agLJMLbHzs.
Contact Dr. Lugo-Lugo
14204 NE Salmon Creek Avenue, MMC 202
Vancouver, WA 98686
- Amer St 520 Colonization, Globalization, and Decolonization
- Amer St 526 Contemporary Theories of Race and Ethnicity
- Amer St 590 Seminar in American Studies
- The Race of Empire
- Race and Empire
- The Specter of 9/11
- CES 101 Intro to Comparative Ethnic Studies
- CES 151 Intro to Chicano/Latino Studies
- CES 201 Foundations of Comparative Ethnic Studies
- CES 254 Comparative Latina/o Cultures
- CES 260 Race and Racism in US Popular Culture
- CES/Soc/ W St 300 Intersectionality
- CES 301 Race and Global Inequality
- CES 353/Eng 345 Contemporary Latino/a Literatures
- CES 357 Latinas/os and U.S. Popular culture
- CES 358 Latinos/as in Film
- CES 440 Global Social Justice
- CES 454 Latinas in U.S. Culture and Society
- CES 489 Everyday Struggles for Justice and Equality
- CES 491 Theories of Racism and Ethnic Conflicts